Pre-calculus algebra

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Pre-calculus algebra

The examination measures knowledge and understanding of material and skills typically taught in an undergraduate course that serves as the final algebra course for liberal arts students who do not need calculus, or as a preparatory course for students who will need to go on to take more advanced mathematics courses. The content of the examination reflects comprehension of college-level algebra skills and concepts.

It measures knowledge and understanding of the following major themes: solving a variety of equations and inequalities; graphing, analyzing and applying transcendental and algebraic functions; and operations with functions. Multiple-choice examination. Visit our bookstore to purchase the recommended resources for this exam: Find recommended books and study materials. The content guide outlines what you need to learn for each exam and includes a list of recommended textbooks, links to online learning resources, and sample exam questions: View, download, or print the Content Guide.

You must be registered for the corresponding credit-bearing exam first before you can register for the practice exam. You can register and pay for your exam online. After you register, you will receive an Authorization to Test letter. You'll need to select the 8- or week term in which you'll take your exam. Pearson charges a test administration fee when you schedule your appointment to test. Additional fees apply for phone transactions scheduling, rescheduling, and canceling.

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To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. Donate Login Sign up Search for courses, skills, and videos. Course summary. Complex numbers. What are the imaginary numbers? Multiplying complex numbers : Complex numbers Complex conjugates and dividing complex numbers : Complex numbers Identities with complex numbers : Complex numbers Absolute value and angle of complex numbers : Complex numbers Polar form of complex numbers : Complex numbers Multiplying and dividing complex numbers in polar form : Complex numbers.

Adding and subtracting polynomials: two variables : Polynomials The binomial theorem : Polynomials The fundamental theorem of algebra : Polynomials. Polynomial division : Polynomials Solving equations by graphing : Polynomials. Composite functions. Composing functions : Composite functions Modeling with composite functions : Composite functions Verifying inverse functions by composition : Composite functions. Invertible functions : Composite functions.

Inverse trigonometric functions : Trigonometry Sinusoidal equations : Trigonometry Sinusoidal models : Trigonometry. Trigonometric identities : Trigonometry Angle addition identities : Trigonometry Using trigonometric identities : Trigonometry.

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Vectors introduction : Vectors Magnitude of vectors : Vectors Scalar multiplication : Vectors Vector addition and subtraction : Vectors Combined vector operations : Vectors. Unit vectors : Vectors Magnitude and direction form of vectors : Vectors Component form of vectors : Vectors Adding vectors in magnitude and direction form : Vectors Vectors word problems : Vectors.

Properties of matrix multiplication : Matrices Matrices as transformations : Matrices The determinant of a 2x2 matrix : Matrices Introduction to matrix inverses : Matrices Finding the inverse of a matrix using its determinant : Matrices Practice finding the inverses of 2x2 matrices : Matrices Solving equations with inverse matrices : Matrices Model real-world situations with matrices : Matrices. Geometric series with summation notation : Series Arithmetic series : Series.

Conic sections. Introduction to conic sections : Conic sections The features of a circle : Conic sections Standard equation of a circle : Conic sections Expanded equation of a circle : Conic sections Center and radii of an ellipse : Conic sections Foci of an ellipse : Conic sections. Focus and directrix of a parabola : Conic sections Introduction to hyperbolas : Conic sections Foci of a hyperbola : Conic sections Hyperbolas not centered at the origin : Conic sections Identifying conic sections from their equations : Conic sections Challenging conic section problems IIT JEE : Conic sections.

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Probability and combinatorics. Basic probability : Probability and combinatorics Venn diagrams and the addition rule : Probability and combinatorics Compound probability of independent events using diagrams : Probability and combinatorics Compound probability of independent events using the multiplication rule : Probability and combinatorics.

Dependent events : Probability and combinatorics Permutations : Probability and combinatorics Combinations : Probability and combinatorics Probability using combinatorics : Probability and combinatorics.

Course challenge. Get Started What are the imaginary numbers?

pre-calculus algebra

Learn about the imaginary unit i which is the square root of -1 and about imaginary numbers like 3i which is the square root of Community questions.The following provides an outline of all the topics you would expect to see in a typical Precalculus class i.

All of the topics are covered in detail in our Online Precalculus Course. An Overview of Precalculus Topics The following sections provide links to our complete lessons on all Precalculus topics, starting with Trigonometry and progressing through Math Analysis.


Ready for PreCalculus? Precalculus is a course that is designed to prepare students for Calculus, either in high school or college. Now, calculus is the study of how things change over time; therefore, the goal of precalculus is to equip students to handle rigorous and dynamic concepts by helping them to connect their previous learning from Algebra and Geometry. Trigonometry, which is the study of triangles, typically begins with an understanding of basic functions, then branches into how triangles and their angles can be drawn and represented in rotations, degrees and radian measure.

With this foundation, students then introduced to the Unit Circle, which enables them to explore trigonometric graphs, trig identities, and trig equations, as well as how to solve both right and oblique triangles. And lastly, students will explore new graphing planes called the Polar and Complex Coordinate systems.

Whereas Math Analysis, which some instructors sometimes call Algebra 3, digs deeper into algebra concepts.

pre-calculus algebra

Specifically, functions, domain and range, and end behavior. The focus of math analysis is not to just review or solve more complicated equations, but to show students how to represent them in various formats i.

In particular, students will study polynomial functions, rational functions, exponential and logarithmic functions and limits and learn how to express their findings using various modalities. Trigonometry vs Precalculus? Precalculus encompasses both trig and math analysis; therefore a precalculus course will cover more topics than just a trigonometry course alone.

Why is precalculus hard? Precalculus, which is a combination of trigonometry and math analysis, bridges the gap to calculus, but it can feel like a potpourri of concepts at times. Students are suddenly required to memorize a lot of material as well as recall various concepts from their previous math courses. For example, students are thrown into the world of radians and angles, with very little preparation because they were only briefly exposed to trigonometry years earlier in their geometry course.

In fact, what was learned in geometry is either inadequate or a distant memory for most students, thus leaving many feeling like they are learning a foreign concept with little to no background.

Consequently, some students have a steep learning curve upon entering precal and will feel like they are swimming in unchartered waters for a while. But, it too can come with its own set of challenges, as concepts are more complex and students are expected to not only arrive at the correct answer but to show proper reasoning and logic.

pre-calculus algebra

Get My Subscription Now. Please click here if you are not redirected within a few seconds. The online course contains: Full Lectures — Designed to boost your test scores.In American mathematics education, precalculus, is an advanced form of secondary school algebra, and a foundational mathematical discipline.

It is also called Introduction to Analysis. In many schools, precalculus is actually two separate courses: Algebra and Trigonometry. Precalculus prepares students for calculus the same way as pre-algebra prepares students for Algebra I. While pre-algebra teaches students many different fundamental algebra topics, precalculus does not involve calculus, but explores topics that will be applied in calculus. It often involves covering algebraic topics that might not have been given attention in earlier algebra courses.

Some precalculus courses might differ with others in terms of content. For example, an honors level course might spend more time on conic sections, vectors, and other topics needed for calculus, used in fields such as medicine or engineering.

A college preparatory class might focus on topics used in business-related careers, such as matrices, or power functions. Word in Definition. Wiktionary 0. Freebase 0. How to pronounce Precalculus? Alex US English. Daniel British. Karen Australian. Veena Indian. How to say Precalculus in sign language? Popularity rank by frequency of use Precalculus Select another language:. Powered by CITE. Are we missing a good definition for Precalculus? Don't keep it to yourself Submit Definition. The ASL fingerspelling provided here is most commonly used for proper names of people and places; it is also used in some languages for concepts for which no sign is available at that moment.

There are obviously specific signs for many words available in sign language that are more appropriate for daily usage. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe. If by any chance you spot an offensive image within your image search results please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. Cancel Report. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! Thanks for your vote! We truly appreciate your support.In mathematics educationprecalculus is a course, or a set of courses, that includes algebra and trigonometry at a level which is designed to prepare students for the study of calculus.

Schools often distinguish between algebra and trigonometry as two separate parts of the coursework. For students to succeed at finding the derivatives and antiderivatives of calculus, they will need facility with algebraic expressionsparticularly in modification and transformation of such expressions. Leonhard Euler wrote the first precalculus book in called Introduction to the Analysis of the Infinitewhich "was meant as a survey of concepts and methods in analysis and analytic geometry preliminary to the study of differential and integral calculus.

His innovation is noted for its use of exponentiation to introduce the transcendental functions. The general logarithm, to an arbitrary positive base, Euler presents as the inverse of an exponential function. Then the natural logarithm is obtained by taking as base "the number for which the hyperbolic logarithm is one", sometimes called Euler's numberand written e.

An exposition on compound interest in financial mathematics may motivate this limit. Another difference in the modern text is avoidance of complex numbersexcept as they may arise as roots of a quadratic equation with a negative discriminantor in Euler's formula as application of trigonometry.

Euler used not only complex numbers but also infinite series in his precalculus. Today's course may cover arithmetic and geometric sequences and series, but not the application by Saint-Vincent to gain his hyperbolic logarithm, which Euler used to finesse his precalculus.

Precalculus prepares students for calculus somewhat differently from the way that pre-algebra prepares students for algebra. While pre-algebra often has extensive coverage of basic algebraic concepts, precalculus courses might see only small amounts of calculus concepts, if at all, and often involves covering algebraic topics that might not have been given attention in earlier algebra courses.

Some precalculus courses might differ with others in terms of content. For example, an honors-level course might spend more time on conic sectionsEuclidean vectorsand other topics needed for calculus, used in fields such as medicine or engineering. A standard course considers functionsfunction compositionand inverse functionsoften in connection with sets and real numbers. In particular, polynomials and rational functions are developed.

Algebraic skills are exercised with trigonometric functions and trigonometric identities. The binomial theorempolar coordinatesparametric equationsand the limits of sequences and series are other common topics of precalculus. Sometimes the mathematical induction method of proof for propositions dependent upon a natural number may be demonstrated, but generally coursework involves exercises rather than theory.

pre-calculus algebra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Teaching mathematics in secondary and middle school, an interactive approach. Prentice Hall, Categories : Mathematics education.

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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Look up precalculus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.By Yang Kuang, Elleyne Kase. Pre-calculus involves graphing, dealing with angles and geometric shapes such as circles and triangles, and finding absolute values. You discover new ways to record solutions with interval notation, and you plug trig identities into your equations.

It has a radius of 1, hence the unit. The figure here shows all the measurements of the unit circle:. The theorem and how it applies to special right triangles are set out here:.

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In pre-calculus you deal with inequalities and you use interval notation to express the solution set to an inequality. The following formulas show how to format solution sets in interval notation.

Never fear, the following formulas show you how to deal with absolute values in pre-calculus. Of course you use trigonometry, commonly called trig, in pre-calculus. And you use trig identities as constants throughout an equation to help you solve problems.

The always-true, never-changing trig identities are grouped by subject in the following lists:. Mary Jane Sterling aught algebra, business calculus, geometry, and finite mathematics at Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois for more than 30 years.

Cheat Sheet. How to Format Interval Notation in Pre-Calculus In pre-calculus you deal with inequalities and you use interval notation to express the solution set to an inequality.

Pre-Calculus For Dummies Cheat Sheet

Trig Identities for Pre-Calculus Of course you use trigonometry, commonly called trig, in pre-calculus. About the Book Author Mary Jane Sterling aught algebra, business calculus, geometry, and finite mathematics at Bradley University in Peoria, Illinois for more than 30 years.This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience. By using this website, you agree to our Cookie Policy. Learn more Accept.

Conic Sections Trigonometry. Conic Sections. Matrices Vectors. Chemical Reactions Chemical Properties. Correct Answer :. Let's Try Again :. Try to further simplify. Learning math takes practice, lots of practice.

Understand Calculus in 10 Minutes

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